In the past century, the world has experienced unprecedented environmental changes mostly associated with human development. The anthropogenic impact on the natural environment has risen dramatically as human activities intensified mainly due to population growth.
Below are some snapshots of the top trend in the environment industry.
Soil degradation originating from erosion and poor irrigation methods continue to cause harm to agricultural lands. If this trend continues, it becomes difficult to meet the increasing food demand which will lead to more environment burden.
Consumption of natural resources is high resulting in mining waste, soil erosion and waste of other ancillary materials. The rise of global economies plays a huge role in environmental degradation more so in the developing nations.
Global energy consumption is high. The emission of the gases from combustion of the fossil has led to the greenhouse effect. This calls for more energy efficient production method such as use of wind power, solar, geothermal and hydroelectric power.
The ozone layer has depleted rapidly. Use of chlorofluorocarbons and other toxic gas need to be eliminated. Use of illegal CFCs is mushrooming in the black market reducing the progress that is being made.
Deforestation continues to degrade and shrink world forest despite the surge of public awareness. The world has lost half of its forest in the past 8000 years through conversation to pastures, farms and human settlement or commercial sites.
Global water consumption is on the rise, making water one of the scarce resources in the 21st century. At least a third of the world population is experiencing high water stress with the situation projected to worsen within the next 30 years.
There is a threat to biodiversity. The extinction rate is a hundred times greater than pre-human levels. The change in seasons and the world climatic zones has resulted in stiff competition, especially from non-native species.
The above are just examples of what is happening in the environment industry. They reflect the challenges that lie ahead. However, the greatest tool for a change lies with humans. Our destructive behaviour and how we perceive the environment need to change. Some transition to mitigate the problems is underway with awareness campaign increasing, waste management practices being adopted by governments and individuals and sustainable use of natural resources. The real question lies on how fast and efficient are the mitigating procedures?